The 10 Best Programming Languages for AI Development

With a plethora of opportunities for both application and development, it is safe to say that Artificial Intelligence (AI) has found a profitable place in the business world. Altogether, the theme of Haskell’s attractiveness for AI developers is that the language is efficient. And Haskell’s efficient memory management, type system, and code resusability practices, only add to its appeal. Prolog, a portmanteau of logic programming, has been here since 1972.

Is AI in Python hard?

If you're going to pursue machine learning, it's a good idea to start with these key mathematical concepts and move onto the coding aspects from there. Many of the languages associated with artificial intelligence such as Python are considered relatively easy.

After defining these three, the prolog tries to discover the connection between them. Programming in AI using Prolog is different and has several advantages and disadvantages. Because of its capacity to execute challenging mathematical operations and lengthy natural language processing functions, Wolfram is popular as a computer algebraic language. Though commercial applications rarely use this language, with its core use in expert systems, theorem proving, type systems, and automated planning, Prolog is set to bounce back in 2022. Starting with Python is easy because codes are more legible, concise, and straightforward. Python also has a large supportive community, with many users, collaborators and fans.


Python also comes with some default sets of standards libraries and also provides better community support to its users. Further, Python is a platform-independent language and also provides an extensive framework for Deep Learning, Machine Learning, and Artificial Intelligence. It’s free, we don’t spam, and we never share your email address. If you are building an AI startup, an AI-related product, or a service, we invite you to consider becoming a sponsor. This language is mostly used to make webpages more interactive by inserting dynamic features into classic HTML programming.

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It is one of the technologies powering Facebook’s face recognition tool, DeepFace. Plus, many organizations already maintain Java codebases from other projects, and countless open-source tools have been written in this language. Choosing Java as a programming language for ML projects simplifies their integration with existing code repositories. Moreover, Java simplifies the scaling of projects, which is a priority for many machine learning engineers. The Java Virtual Machine improves productivity by allowing engineers to write efficient code on multiple platforms for machine learning at once. With hundreds of ML programming languages to choose from, selecting the best option for machine learning projects can be difficult.

Learn the Best Programming Languages for AI Today

So the infamous FaceApp in addition to the utilitarian Google Assistant both serve as examples of Android apps with artificial intelligence built-in through Java. By 1962 and with the aid of creator John McCarthy, the language worked its way up to being capable of addressing problems of artificial intelligence. NLP is what smart assistants applications like Google and Alexa use to understand what you’re saying and respond appropriately. Really, if you’ve ever worked with a digital device that didn’t know how to tell up from down or do a simple task, you’d probably quite like artificial intelligence. At its core, artificial intelligence (AI) refers to intelligent machines.

  • Basic AI algorithms like regression and classification are expertly handled by Python’s Scikit-learn.
  • Moreover, it is also considered to be one of the most flexible ML languages because of its ability to adapt to the solution someone is coding for.
  • Python is worldwide popular among all developers and experts because it has more career opportunities than any other programming language.
  • It is easy to learn, has a large community of developers, and has an extensive collection of frameworks, libraries, and codebases.
  • With built-in graphic and data modeling support, the language allows developers to work on deep learning moderns without much hassle.
  • C++ is a low-level programming language that has been around for a long time.

C++ is a powerful programming language that facilitates object-oriented programming and is growing in popularity in ML. Like Java and JavaScript, programmers who are already familiar with this language will find it easier to add ML to their repertoire as opposed to learning an entirely new language. To become a machine learning engineer, you need to know more than the basics of machine learning. Saying that, there is no need to learn all, or even a handful, of the existing programming languages.


The most used language, especially for creating Android applications, is Java. First, Alan Turing, a founding father of AI, came up with the question that “Can machines think like humans? But the concept of AI has created great hope and enthusiasm for the world of science and technology. Understanding the fundamentals of programming is necessary for developing effective machine learning systems. This collection of machine learning languages does not contain a domain-specific language like HTML. What makes Julia even more attractive is its ability to create scalable machine learning apps.

  • C++ is a widely-used programming language among software developers.
  • From autonomous driving to sentence correction, AI is everywhere.
  • Julia was designed to implement basic scientific computing queries and relatively simple mathematical models.
  • Saying that, there is no need to learn all, or even a handful, of the existing programming languages.
  • Below are eight programming languages well-suited for AI development.
  • Julia is one of the newer languages on the list and was created to focus on performance computing in scientific and technical fields.

It was developed in 1972 and
used for decades as a powerful logic programming language. Java supports large projects essential in AI/ML, visualization, debugging, and user interaction. You can quickly get help because it has a large online community. It is a favourite among software developers due to its ease of use and adaptability to various platforms. A few high-level Machine Learning libraries and tools are included.

Best Programming Language for AI Development in 2023

Some inbuilt features such as built-in functional programming, object-oriented nature, and vectorial computation make it a worthwhile programming language for AI. Lisp (historically stylized as LISP) is one of the most widely used programming languages for AI. Keras, Pytorch, Scikit-learn, MXNet, Pybrain, and TensorFlow are a few of the specialist libraries available in Python, making it an excellent choice for AI projects. Over the years, LISP has lost some of its popularity owing to some of its inherent flaws.

best programming languages for artificial intelligence

The library shows the depth of what you can achieve when using Java for AI development. One example of an AI project that uses Java is Deeplearning4j (DL4J) — a major open-source deep-learning library that uses Java. Deep learning is a sub-field of machine learning that allows a program to mimic human learning and is typically used to group or cluster data and make predictions. If you’re interested in learning more about web development languages that can be applied in artificial intelligence, consider signing up for Berkeley Coding Boot Camp. BjarneStroustrup originally developed C++ to enhance C with object-oriented features.

What is Machine Learning?

Deploying a powerful AI requires an extraordinary team of engineers. At Dirox, our developers are highly skilled in using different languages to build AI programs that will be most suitable for you. Aside from the proficient technical skills, developers at Dirox are also great communicators who prioritize collaboration to achieve better productivity and results.

best programming languages for artificial intelligence

One of the reasons for Python’s popularity is its extensive collection of libraries, including a neural network library. These core libraries make it easy for machine learning engineers to access and process data easily. Before we look at individual programming languages, it is worth clearing up some of the terms of machine learning.

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Julia makes it easier to deploy applications quickly at large clusters. ML tools like Tensorflow, Flux, and MVBase are already taking advantage of this, allowing machine learning engineers to save time. Whenever your application requires statistical analysis, such as processing biomedical statistics, R truly comes into its own. The language’s capability to apply the principles of statistics to big data makes it an excellent choice for training ML algorithms to predict future events. R programming language was written by a statistician for other statisticians.

best programming languages for artificial intelligence

The advantages overwhelm the disadvantages, and it’s fair to say that Java is one of the best AI programming languages. Java is the most widely used programming language in the world and is one of the best choices of AI programming. Because of its Virtual Machine Technology, it’s easy to implement on different platforms. That means once it’s written and compiled on one platform, you don’t have to compile it again.


From voice assistants to self-driving cars, AI and Deep Learning are already transforming the world as we know it. And as it’s transforming the way we live and is changing the way we interact with the world best programming languages for artificial intelligence and each other, it’s also creating new opportunities for businesses and individuals. According to Payscale, the average salary for a Machine Learning Engineer with Python Skills was $112,178 as of 2022.

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